'Internet Basics' - Printable Tutorial
The Mouse and the Keyboard
Figure 1 - Mouse Displays The first thing to know about a computer is the mouse. A mouse is a little box with buttons on it that is attached to the computer. You can roll it around on a desk or other flat place. When you roll it around, you move a little arrow on the computer screen. This is the “selection pointer.”

Sometimes the arrow might look like a hand, or like a little letter I. But it still works the same. What it looks like depends on what you’re doing.

You can also click the mouse by tapping the buttons on it. Sometimes, this makes something happen on the screen. It depends on where the pointer is when you click.

If the mouse pointer is a hand, that means you can click on whatever is under the hand and something will happen. If you hold down the click button and drag the mouse, you might be able to pull something on the screen. Sometimes, to make something happen with the mouse, you have to click on it twice.

If the mouse pointer looks like an I, it probably means you can write something. Move the pointer to the place you want to write, and click once. Then you can use the keyboard to type something there. You can also click on some text, hold down the clicker, and drag the mouse over the text. Then you highlight that text. You can then copy it, cut it, or paste it somewhere else.

Figure 2 - Browser Menu & Toolbar On the computer you can sometimes use the Internet. The Internet is made of millions of pages of information. Each page is like a page in a book. But if you are on any computer connected to the Internet, you can see almost any page in the world.

Because there are so many pages on the Internet, each page has an address. That way you can find it quickly. If you are using the Internet, you will find a space at the top of the screen where you can click and type in the address of a page. It is usually long and white and next to the word “Address.” When your mouse is over that space, it may become a little I. Once you type the page address, hit the “enter” or “return” button on your keyboard. Then you will go to that page.

The Internet Explorer Toolbar
There are also other buttons you can click on when using the Internet. There are usually arrows saying “Back” and “Forward.” If you click on the “Back” arrow, you go from the page you are on to the last page you saw. Clicking on the “Forward” arrow does the opposite.

There is also usually a “Home” button to click on. It might look like a house. If you click on this button, you go to a page that is the “home” page for that computer. It is the page that is always the first one when that computer goes on to the Internet. You can choose the home page for your computer.

There is also always a “stop” button. Sometimes, when you switch to a new page, it takes awhile to load. If you want to stop that process, you click on “stop.” This might be because you don’t want to go there, or because the page seems broken.

You can also re-open a page that you already opened. Sometimes a page will change every few minutes so you might want to re-open it several times. To do this, click on the “refresh” button. It will often have two arrows on it in a cycle.

At the top of the screen when you are on the Internet, you will see lots of words arranged in a row in the upper left corner. Usually they will say “File,” “Edit,” and other words.
These words are called the “menu” because each one can give you a menu of different options for using the Internet. If you click on any one of them, you will see a list of other words to click on. For example, if you click on “File,” you will see the word “New.” If you drag the mouse over it, you will see more options, like “Window.” Click on “Window,” and you will have a new “window” on the screen with a separate web page on it.
Figure 6 - Toolbar Stop, Refresh & Home Buttons Some of these options can also be done just using a keyboard. For example, you can open a new window just by pressing “ctrl” and “N” at the same time. Sometimes each menu item will show which keys you press if you want to open it just with a keyboard.
One important thing you can do with the menus is print a web page. To do this, click on “File,” and then on “Print.” You can also hit “Ctrl” and “P” at the same time.

You can also pick what kind of letters you want on your web pages. Click on “View” and then on “Text.” Then you can click on the text shape and size you like for your pages.

The “Help” menu provides more clickable help on using the Internet.

The Internet Explorer Menus & Advanced Navigation
How do you go from one page to another? You don’t have to type in a new address for every page. Pages on the Internet are connected to each other. If you click on certain places on a page, you will go to another page. These places are called “hyperlinks,” or just “links” for short.
Figure 9a - Table Example Links are often words on the page that are underlined or colored differently from the other words. When the mouse is over a link, it will turn into a hand so you can tell the link is there. Pictures can also sometimes be links.

Web pages can also have tables. These are grids of information sorted out into little boxes:

Each box in a table is called a cell. Sometimes a page will let you type something into a cell. In that case the cell is called a field.

Figure 9b - Example Form Sometimes a field can hold large amounts of text. To enter text into that field, drag the mouse over the field. It will then become a little “I.” Click it once within the field, and a blinking cursor will appear. You can begin typing, and the words will appear.

If there are many text fields on the page, you can move from one to the next without the mouse. Just press the “tab” key on the keyboard.

Figure 9c - Example Drop-Down Menu Some pages also have menus on the page itself. If you click on the menu, a string of options will appear. This is just like on the menu at the top of the page. You can then drag the mouse down to the option you like and click on it.

Sometimes clicking on a menu option will bring you to a different page automatically. Sometimes it requires also clicking another button on the screen. The “enter” button on the keyboard can also work.

Pages also have buttons. These are sometimes links that you can click on to move to another page. They can also be places to specify information, like in a field.

“Radio buttons” are buttons where only one can be selected at a time. A quiz question might ask if President Bush was elected in 1999, 2000, or 2001:

Figure 10 - Example Radio Buttons Here is a set of radio buttons for your answer. By clicking on the white button next to 2000 you can answer correctly. But if you click on the button next to 1999, the black dot will switch automatically.
Figure 10 - Example Radio Buttons The opposite of a radio button is a “checkbox.” Checkboxes are also buttons, but you can check many at the same time. Also, they are square instead of round and are chosen with a check not a dot.
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